Although scientists and doctors cannot explain it yet, it has been proven that African men are at a higher risk of prostate cancer. Thus, we are taking the time to bring awareness to the illness and make sure that all men take the necessary precautions.
Two tests available for prostate cancer
According to research, 1 in 9 men will receive a diagnosis of prostate cancer during their lifetimes. And 1 in 41 men will sadly die from the illness. But with treatment and early diagnosis, there is a good chance of surviving this cancer.
Two tests are commonly used by doctors to screen for prostate cancer:
- Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
Even though neither test can actually confirm whether cancer is present or not, the tests can indicate whether further steps are necessary.
If further steps need to be taken, a prostate biopsy is the only way to confirm cancer.
When should you go for a prostate exam?
There are multiple factors that can increase your risk of having prostate cancer. These risks include age, family history, race, etc.
Since prostate cancer often shows no symptoms in the early stages, medical experts will recommend prostate exams more regularly once you reach a certain age. For example, once you’re between 40 and 49 years of age, doctors will recommend going for a prostate exam if there are any family or personal history with prostate cancer.
The PSA test is the standard when it comes to prostate screening, and your test results will determine how often you may need an exam. If your PSA result is under 2.5, you will only need to do a checkup every 2 years. However, if the result is higher than 2.5, the doctor will recommend an annual prostate exam.
Symptoms of prostate issues may include the following:
- Difficulty in urinating
- Blood in urine
- Change in frequency of urination
- Painful ejaculation
- An inconsistent flow of urine
Keep safe, spread awareness amongst friends and family and check yourself regularly.